Saturday, October 25, 2014
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Uncorrected

Agence France-Presse

Error (AFP, 12/6/07): Following the Hamas takeover Israel further upped the strict travel restrictions in and around Gaza, from where it removed troops and settlers in 2005 but whose borders it still controls.

Fact: Israel does not and cannot impose travel restrictions "in" Gaza, which is controlled by Hamas. Also, Israel does not control Gaza's borders. While the country of course does control its own border with the Gaza Strip, the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt is not under Israeli control. In fact, in the days before this AFP piece was published, almost 2000 Palestinians passed from Gaza into Egypt via the Rafah crossing, against Israel's wishes. Israel filed a diplomatic protest with Egypt about the incident.



Error (AFP, Jennie Matthew, 8/2/07): Under the Fourth Geneva Convention, Israeli demolitions of Palestinian homes in the occupied territories are classified as illegal because Israel is an "occupier."

Fact: While house demolitions by an occupying party are argued to contravene the Fourth Geneva Convention under certain circumstances, other demolitions by an occupying party are considered legal. The Convention states that "Any destruction by the Occupying Power of real or personal property belonging individually or collectively to private persons ... is prohibited, except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations." (emphasis added)

Moreover, the Convention asserts that "The penal laws of the occupied territory shall remain in force, with the exception that they may be repealed or suspended by the Occupying Power in cases where they constitute a threat to its security or an obstacle to the application of the present Convention." In other words, Israel is required to keep in force laws that existed in the West Bank and Gaza Strip under previous regimes. Regulation 119 of the Defense Emergency Regulations of 1945 (DER 119), passed under the British Mandate, permits house demolitions under certain circumstances.



Error (AFP, captions for several Mohammed Abed photos, 10/26/03): Israeli troops blew up scores of apartments in the southern Gaza Strip after three soldiers were killed Oct. 24 as they guarded Netzarim Jewish settlement.

Fact: First, the three soldiers were not killed as they guarded a Jewish settlement. As reported by countless news agencies, including AFP, the three were murdered while in their living quarters, probably asleep. For example, AFPs Abdel Zaanoun accurately reported Oct. 24: The army said two of the soldiers killed in the night-time raid on the heavily guarded settlement were women and the third a male colleague. They were killed in their sleep in a caravan, according to military radio.

Second, the dynamited buildings are located in Al-Zahara, which is in the northern Gaza Strip, not the southern Gaza Strip. It is about a mile south of Gaza City, and nearby Netzarim, both of which are north.



Error (AFP, Sakher Abu El Oun, 10/26/03): Israeli troops blew up scores of apartments in the southern Gaza Strip Sunday after three soldiers were killed as they guarded a nearby Jewish settlement.

Fact: First, the three soldiers were not killed as they guarded a nearby Jewish settlement. As reported by countless news agencies, including AFP, the three were murdered while in their living quarters, probably asleep. For example, AFPs Abdel Zaanoun accurately reported Oct. 24: The army said two of the soldiers killed in the night-time raid on the heavily guarded settlement were women and the third a male colleague. They were killed in their sleep in a caravan, according to military radio.

Second, the dynamited buildings are located in Al-Zahara, which is in the northern Gaza Strip, not the southern Gaza Strip. It is about a mile south of Gaza City, and nearby Netzarim, both of which are north.