When it comes to covering the Arab-Israeli conflict, the National Catholic Reporter, a Catholic weekly published in Kansas City, Missouri, makes no pretense of offering is readers a factual, fair and comprehensive view of events so that its readers can make responsible assessments about what policies should be pursued in the Middle East.
Instead, the NCR (which has no official ties to the Roman Catholic Church) offers its readers an ideologically-driven narrative of the conflict that demonizes
The NCR’s anti-Israel animus recently manifested itself in the July 11, 2008 issue of the paper, which included an article by Fr. Raymond A. Schroth, S.J., who lionized Robert Fisk, a journalist for The Independent whose numerous factual errors and faulty logic has invited so many devastating detailed rebuttals that his last name has become a verb meaning “to deconstruct an article on a point by point basis in a highly critical manner.” Nevertheless, Fr. Schroth writes that Fisk “has the three qualities every good journalist must possess: courage, compassion and a command of the language.”
First there is the problem of simple accuracy. It is difficult to turn a page of The Great War for Civilisation without encountering some basic error. Jesus was born in
Fisk’s lack of good faith is clearly evident his coverage of the battle of Jenin in 2002 and in his writings about the Al-Dura controversy which broke in 2000.
In April 2002, Fisk wrote about Israeli soldiers “running amok in Jenin” and of the IDF of “keeping the Red Cross and journalists from seeing the evidence of the mass killings that have taken place there.” Well, as it turned out, Jenin was not a massacre, as Fisk portrayed, but was in fact a pitched battle between IDF forces and Palestinian terrorists who had taken refuge amongst a highly concentrated civilian population. A UN investigation revealed that the IDF’s incursion into Jenin resulted in the death of 23 Israeli soldiers, and a total of 52 Palestinians, most of whom were combatants. By the time the facts were known, the image of Israelis perpetrating a massacre had been seared into the collective memory of the civilized world and Fisk had moved onto other subjects.
Fisk’s coverage of the Al-Dura controversy is equally bad. In an
… when 12-year-old Mohammed al-Dura was killed in
on Saturday and I read on the Associated Press wire that the child was “caught in the crossfire”, I knew at once who had killed him. Sure enough, reporters investigating the killing said the boy was shot by Israeli troops. So was his father – who survived – and so was the ambulance driver who was killed trying to rescue the boy. Yet BBC World Service Television was still saying yesterday morning that Mohammed al-Durah was “caught in the crossfire of a battle that has left hundreds wounded and killed many others”. I knew what this meant. Gaza
Fisk’s reporting is divorced from reality on two counts. First off all, news outlets were relentless in their efforts to blame
Secondly, the footage French journalist Charles Enderlin used to convince the world that Al-Dura was killed by Israeli bullets was filled with inconsistencies – the most obvious being that at the end of the 18 minutes of footage displayed in a French courtroom in November 2007, the boy was still alive. (For more information about the Al-Dura case, go here. For more information about Palestinian efforts to manufacture footage for the consumption of Western audiences – a topic that has been largely ignored by
Journalists investigating the boy’s death, including The Independent’s Jerusalem, correspondent were in no doubt that the bullets which hit him were Israeli (albeit that the soldiers involved may not have seen him). Yet after a bogus Israeli military inquiry denounced in the Knesset by an Israeli member of parliament, all the major Western picture agencies placed captions on the photo for future subscribers. Yes, you’ve guessed it, the captions said he was killed in “crossfire”.
As the Al-Dura myth has fallen apart under the scrutiny of people like Philippe Karsenty, James Fallows, and Richard Landes, a search of the Independent’s online archive indicates Fisk has lost interest in the episode, ignoring French journalist Charles Enderlin’s defeat in the French court system, where he pressed a libel charge against Phillipe Karsenty – who said the scene was staged. Fisk’s apparent loss of interest is interesting, given Fisk’s repeated claims that his journalistic competitors are dishonest and too afraid to write the truth. “Truth is a hard bullet to bite,” he wrote in his first piece that mentioned the Al-Dura episode. Fisk apparently does not want to bite the bullet regarding this story.
[The rabbi] shouts again. “If you throw a stone at me, I will shoot you.” But if you throw a stone at me, I say, I won’t shoot you. Because I have the right not to shoot you. He frowns. “Then I’d say you’re out of your mind.”I am driving home when it suddenly hits me. The Old and New Testaments have just collided. The rabbi’s dad taught him about an eye for an eye – or 20 homes for a stone – whereas Bill Fisk taught me about turning the other cheek. Judaism is bum ping against Christianity. So is it any surprise that Judaism and Islam are crashing into each other? For despite all the talk of Christians and Jews being “people of the Book”, Muslims are beginning to express ever harsher views of Jews. The sickening Hamas references to Jews as “the sons of pigs and monkeys” are echoed by Israelis who talk of Palestinians as cockroaches or “vermin”, who tell you – as the rabbi told me – that Islam is a warrior religion, a religion that does not value human life. And I recall several times a Jewish settler who told me back in 1993 – in Gaza, just before the Oslo accords were signed – that “we do not recognise their Koran as a valid document.”
Fisk’s description of Judaism as “bumping up against Christianity” and of his father instructing him to turn the other cheek is reminiscent of classical anti-Judaic polemic which portrays Judaism as a uniquely war-like religion that encourages its adherents to engage in acts of violence and Christianity as having transcended the violent impulse – a characterization that is untenable given the historical data. Ultimately, what is the source of violence in the Middle East – Judaism bumping up against Christianity and Islam or Muslim extremists as they contend with the shocks of modernity and globalization?
And Fisk’s description of Muslims “beginning to express ever harsher view of Jews” [emphasis added] suggests that Muslim hostility toward Jews is a new phenomenon when in fact, anti-Jewish polemic has been present in Muslim teachings for centuries, and is now rampant in the Middle East. Yes, some Israeli Jews do say terrible things about Muslims and Arabs, but their views are not sanctioned by the government. Anti-Semitic imagery, however, is disseminated in state-sponsored media outlets and textbooks in the Middle East.
Yes, Fr. Schroth’s does acknowledge that Fisk has his critics, but overall his lionization of Robert Fisk in the pages of NCR speaks volumes about what the publication values in its own contributors. In the pages of NCR, animus toward
Rosemary Radford Ruether
Fr. Schroth’s lionization of Robert Fisk is only one example of the NCR’s anti-Israel animus. Rosemary Radford Ruether is another commentator who uses the pages of the NCR to demonize
The main thrust of Ruether’s piece was that Israeli Jews allegedly regard Israeli territory as “payment” for the Holocaust – a terrible tragedy for which the writer says Palestinians were not responsible. (Ruether makes no mention of the role Haj-Amin el-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, played in Europe during the Holocaust.)
The cornerstone of Ruether’s argument is an anecdotal confrontation with Israeli settlers that took place in the Gaza Strip, which according to Ruether, occurred “about 10 years ago.” The confrontation allegedly took place when Ruether and other members of a group went to a plot of farmland in the Gaza Strip with greenhouses and crops ready for harvest that had allegedly been bulldozed and confiscated by Israeli settlers. According to Ruether, the group’s arrival at the scene prompted the arrival of two Israelis “carrying the ubiquitous Uzis.” Ruether continues:
Two women of our delegation asked, ‘Why did you do this to these villagers?’ The settlers shouted back, ‘It’s because of what happened to us in the war.’ ‘But these Palestinians had nothing to do with what happened to you,’ the women protested. ‘It makes no difference,’ the settlers replied. ‘Everyone must pay. The whole world must pay.’
Ruether has used this anecdote before in the pages of NCR. In a
In both of Radford’s articles (and Burge’s book), this anecdote is used to portray Israelis as denying the Palestinian desire for freedom and statehood, but these portrayals only work if the reader ignores recent history, as does Ruether (and Burge, for that matter).
In the Dec. 2000 article, she ignores the negotiations that took place earlier that summer at
And in 2008, Ruether ignores
Ruether also accuses Israelis as perpetrating a “Nakba denial” by refusing to acknowledge the 800,000 Palestinians who “fled or were forcibly expelled from their towns and villages” during the 1948 War. She writes:
The official Israeli version of the history denies that these Palestinians were ever forcibly expelled. It claims that the Palestinians left voluntarily, having been called to leave by the Arab nations, hoping to return triumphantly after the victory of their armies.Careful studies of the broadcasts that took place during the war have proved that no such call from the Arab states took place. Those who did, did so as a temporary measure to avoid being killed like those massacred by Israeli forces in the
. Many others, such as the people of the Arab towns of Ramle and Lydda, were forcibly marched over the border to Ramallah, many dying along the way. villageof Deir Yassin
The un-named studies that Ruether invokes do not prove that Arab leaders did not call for Palestinians to flee
Before the war, Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri Said declared: “We will smash the country with our guns and obliterate every place the Jews seek shelter in. The Arabs should conduct their wives and children to safe areas until the fighting has died down.” (Myron Kaufman, The Coming Destruction of Israel, NY: The American Library Inc., 1970, pp. 26-27).
In his memoirs published in 1973, the former Prime Minister of Syria, Khaled al-Azem, listed what he thought were the reasons for the Arab failure in 1948: “The fifth factor was the call by the Arab governments to the inhabitants of
This is not to say that every Palestinian left his home because Arab leaders told him to. Clearly, some were forced out by Israelis, but it was a very small percentage. Professor Efraim Karsh estimates only 5-10 percent were expelled by Israelis, and these from areas where
To buttress her distorted narrative, Ruether invokes and criticizes revisionist historian Benny Morris at the same time, writing “while still confirming the Palestinians were intentionally expelled, has turned to justifying this, saying it was necessary to create a Jewish majority in Israel. He has suggested that it should have been done more thoroughly.” While Morris’s The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, (Cambridge Universi ty Press, 1987) has been widely criticized for offering a rather one-sided narrative, it still provides more detail than Ruether lets on.
Ruether’s claim that Morris concluded the Palestinians – which implies all the Palestinians – were “intentionally expelled” runs counter to his description of the refugee problem, which he writes
was born of war, not by design, Jewish or Arab. It was largely a by-product of Arab and Jewish fears and of the protracted, bitter fighting that characterized the first Israeli-Arab war; in smaller part it was the deliberate creation of Jewish and Arab military commanders and politicians.” (Page 286)
The NCR also features a Jewish critic of
Gordon is a professor at
On this score, Gordon accepts, as fact, Hamas’s complaints about a lack of food and fuel in the Gaza Strip, even as other Palestinian leaders blamed Hamas for manufacturing the crisis. Khaled Abu Toameh, reporting in the Jerusalem Post on
The official also accused Hamas of ordering owners of bakeries to keep their businesses closed for the second day running to create a humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. “Hamas is preventing people from buying bread,” he said. “They want to deepen the crisis so as to serve their own interests.”The official said that contrary to Hamas’s claims, there is enough fuel and flour to keep the bakeries in the Gaza Strip operating for another two months. “Hamas members have stolen most of the fuel in the Gaza Strip to fill their vehicles,” he said.
And while Gordon accuses
Security workers employed by the Israel Airport Authority uncovered two tons of fertilizer used in the manufacturing of Qassam rockets on Monday afternoon, the substantial amount of explosive material was concealed in a truck allegedly transporting humanitarian aid into the Gaza Strip.The security officials manning the Kerem Shalom border crossing discovered the smuggling attempt during a random inspection of vehicles carrying humanitarian equipment and goods.This is the second such incident to occur this week.
Despite the security restrictions and economic siege of
allows the transfer of medical equipment and drugs into Gaza, Israel at the insistence of the World Health Organization. Gaza
These two articles indicate that Neve Gordon is intent on telling a story about
For more than a decade now I have been writing for NCR. During this period some of you may have wondered what has motivated me to continue living, working and raising my children in
, a country whose government policies and leaders I continuously and forcefully critique. A couple of months ago, one of the editors asked me just that, intimating that he does not understand why I don’t just pack my bags and leave. IsraelOn the one hand, I found the question troubling, since it seems to suggest that our role models – ranging from Amos the prophet to civil rights leader Martin Luther King – should either have stopped criticizing the injustices surrounding them or alternatively abandoned their homeland. On the other hand, though, I thought the question legitimate, if only because I tend to de-emphasize my more positive feelings toward in my writings. Israel
By asking Gordon why he didn’t just pack his bags and leave Israel, the unnamed editor at NCR implicitly (if accidentally) acknowledges that Gordon’s writing is not merely forceful and continuous critique of Israeli policies, but a delegitizimation of the country itself. No decent person could, in good conscience, remain in the country described in the pages of NCR, unless of course, he were a prophet such as Amos or Martin Luther King – which is clearly what Gordon is trying to suggest. In his coverage of the Arab-Israeli conflict, Gordon’s “grand unifying theme” is Gordon himself. (Ephraim Karsh made the same assessment of Robert Fisk in the critique that Fr. Schroth must have missed.)
The NCR’s anti-Israel bias is also evident in the writings of the publication’s Opinion/Arts editor, Margot Patterson, who, according to a 2006 list of donors, gave $500 or more to Friends of Sabeel North America (FOSNA). The message FOSNA and the organization it supports –
FOSNA is clearly a partisan player in the debate over the Arab-Israeli conflict in the U.S. religious community and for one of NCR’s staffers to be listed as contributors raises serious questions about the publication’s adherence to the Code of Ethics issued by the Society of Professional Journalists, which calls on journalists to “avoid conflicts of interests, real or perceived” and “remain free of associations and activities that may compromise integrity or damage credibility.” When asked via email about Patterson’s presence on the list, Tom Roberts, NCR’s editor (who reports the publication uses the SPJ’s code as guidelines) responded with the following:
Yes, the 2006 list does have her as a donor. This is ground we’ve been over before. That information is not going to change. We’ve spoken about it and she’s not contributed since. As far as I know NCR as an institution has never donated to the organization. [Note: FOSNA’s list of donors also includes the National Catholic Reporter and Rosemary Radford Ruether.]
Some consider FOSNA partisan, others justifiably see it as an organization that advocates non-violence. Not a bad thing to advocate. And the conference in 2006, it probably should be noted, included representatives of American Jewish organizations and their points of view.
As a general case, we try to maintain objectivity while still allowing people to exercise their citizenship and civic duties. In this case, we’ve agreed, it is prudent that Margot not donate to the cause and she has not in the past two years.
Roberts’ defense of FOSNA as a proponent of non-violence whose conferences are attended by Jewish groups in the
The fact that Jewish groups have participated in Sabeel conferences does not mean as much as Roberts suggests. As a previous CAMERA analysis reveals, Claire E. Gorfinkel issued an open letter to Sabeel on
Neither Piterberg nor Winograd actively promotes nonviolence or a two-State solution, and more importantly, none of them represents a significant constituency. Were they there just so you could say you had Jews on your program?
And when Rabbi Arthur Waskow appeared at
For some reason, NCR has not seen fit to cover the concerns of the Jewish community about FOSNA, despite the fact that Sabeel events have taken place at two Catholic institutions – Villanova and the University of San Diego. It’s very unlikely that Tom Roberts has not heard these concerns. Roberts himself has written publicly about his friendship with Rabbi Yehiel Poupko, Judaic scholar at the Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago, who has repeatedly condemned Sabeel’s use of crucifixion imagery in reference to Israel. In short, when challenged about his publication’s relationship to FOSNA Roberts invokes some Jews to defend the organization, and ignores the complaints of other Jews – one of whom he described as a friend in a front page article in the newspaper he edits.
Margot Patterson’s Coverage of Hezbollah
Given the financial support Patterson has given to Sabeel’s wing in the
This article (which CAMERA analyzed here) portrayed Hezbollah as a “sophisticated” group embracing a more “nuanced” stand on religion, downplayed its use of violence, minimized its violations of the United Nation’s Blue Line between Israel and Lebanon and made no mention of the group’s genocidal hostility toward Jews. And despite what Patterson wrote, the disarming of Hezbollah was not the “next stage in
When challenged by CAMERA for whitewashing Hezbollah’s hostility toward Jews and Israel Patterson asked, in all seriousness, “[M]ust every article about Hezbollah discuss its anti-Semitism?” (Interestingly enough, the NCR has made repeated mention of John Hagee’s allegedly anti-Catholic comments, for which he has apologized.)
Critique or Manual?
Taken together, NCR’s columnists and writers have engaged in a persistent campaign to delegitimize
This is not journalism, it is defamation wrapped in the mantle of religiously inspired journalism.
Such behavior should be familiar to readers of Ruether’s 1974 classic Faith and Fratricide: The Theological Roots of Anti-Semitism. In this book, Ruether details how Christian writers and commentators used a distorted and inaccurate view characterization of Judaism as a negative backdrop to demonstrate the superiority and transcendence of the Christian church.
According to Ruether, the narrative offered by Christian writers and commentators portrays Judaism and its adherents as apostate from God, guilty of violating all the rules that had been handed down to them in their Torah, and then stubborn in their insistence on following these rules once they had been superseded by Jesus Christ, whom they murdered. Jews were portrayed as a carnal people while Christianity and its adherents are portrayed as “spiritual.” Jews were portrayed as unable to understand their scriptures; Christians are portrayed as having the true understanding of how Jews should interpret their scriptures and ultimately how they should behave.
According to Ruether, Jewish scriptures which “contain a record of Jewish self-criticism” are transformed by Christian writers “into a remorseless denunciation of the Jews, while the Church, in turn is presented as totally perfect and loses the prophetic tradition of self-criticism.”
On page 246 of her book, Ruether asks “Is it possible to say ‘Jesus is Messiah’ without, implicitly or explicitly, saying at the same time, ‘and the Jews be damned’?” A similar question needs to be directed at the peace and justice activists that write for and read the NCR. Is it possible for them to assert “peace is possible” without implicitly, or explicitly, saying at the same time “and
Apparently not — at least in the pages of NCR. Instead of using a distorted picture of Judaism and the Jewish people as Christianity’s “left hand,” writers for NCR, Ruether included, use a distorted picture of the modern state of
Peace and justice are admirable goals, but after reading the pages of NCR, one starts to understand Anatole Broyard’s comment when confronted with some of the ideologically driven and factually challenged books he reviewed while writing for the New York Times: “You reach a point where it no longer matters that the author’s mistakes are well meant. You don’t care that he or she is on the side of the angels: you just want them to tell the truth.”
NCR’s commentators may walk with angels, but they make no real effort to document the threats
What Ruether and the rest of the contributors at the NCR need to remember is that Faith and Fratricide was written as a critique, not a handbook.