Given the complicated geopolitical realities of the disputed city of Jerusalem, including municipal boundaries, a 1949 armistice line, and a security barrier, journalists have a particular responsibility to be precise. Unfortunately, multiple news items earlier this week erroneously reported that Israeli demolished residential buildings within Jerusalem, when in fact the Wadi Hummus residences in question – most of them still under construction – were outside municipal boundaries.
Haaretz‘s English-language headlines referred to the demolition of East Jerusalem homes under Palestinian control. Of course, there are no parts of Jerusalem, eastern or anywhere else, under Palestinian control. Haaretz‘s inaccurate digital headline states: “Israel Demolishes 70 Homes in Palestinian-controlled East Jerusalem neighborhood.” Similarly, the front-page headline in yesterday’s print edition erred: “Israel demolishes 70 homes in area of East Jerusalem under control of PA.”
The first paragraph in both the digital and print editions repeats the error, wrongly stating that the area lies within east Jerusalem. The digital edition, for instance, states:
Israeli forces began Monday demolishing buildings in an East Jerusalem neighborhood under the control of the Palestinian Authority. . . (Emphases added.)
While the Wadi Hummus buildings did lie in territory under the control of the Palestinian Authority, that land is in the West Bank, outside the municipal boundaries of Jerusalem.
The article itself accurately states several paragraphs later:
In June, Israel’s High Court of Justice has ruled in favor of the demolition of 13 large buildings in the Wadi Hummus neighborhood, located on the outskirts of Jerusalem.
It is on the edge of the Palestinian village of Sur Baher, in southeast Jerusalem. Unlike the rest of the village, this neighborhood lies beyond the city’s municipal boundaries, in the West Bank.
Reuters, which according to a note at the bottom of the piece, contributed to the article by Amira Hass and Jack Khoury correctly identified Wadi Hummus as an area in the West Bank, outside of Jerusalem. Reuters reported (“Israel demolishes Palestinian homes near West Bank barrier“):
Israeli forces began demolishing Palestinian homes near a military barrier on the outskirts of Jerusalem on Monday, in the face of protests and international criticism.
Bulldozers accompanied by hundreds of Israeli police and soldiers moved into Sur Baher, a Palestinian village on the edge of East Jerusalem in an area that Israel captured and occupied in the 1967 Middle East War. . . .
Sur Baher’s political geography is complicated. Parts of the sprawling village lie inside the municipal boundary of Israeli-occupied East Jerusalem and parts outside the barrier, in the West Bank. But some lies in between: just outside the Jerusalem line but still on the Israeli side of the barrier.
Palestinian officials said some of the threatened structures lie within their areas of control.
The Hebrew headline and first paragraph of the same article also incorrectly place Wadi Hummus in east Jerusalem, but a map included with the article clearly shows the neighborhood outside Jerusalem’s boundaries. Haaretz has failed to follow up on CAMERA’s request to clarify the coverage.
The Associated Press also bungled its headline, stating: “Israeli crews demolish homes in east Jerusalem.” In addition, the article initially opened:
Israeli work crews on Monday began demolishing dozens of Palestinian homes in an east Jerusalem neighborhood, in one of the largest operations of its kind in years.
Following communication from CAMERA, AP improved the opening sentence but declined to correct the headline. The amended copy now more accurately refers to “homes on the outskirts of an east Jerusalem neighborhood.”
Times on Israel, on the other hand, which had initially published several headlines erroneously referring to homes in East Jerusalem, has commendably revised some, but not all, of them. The erroneous headlines included: “UN officials join calls against East Jerusalem home demolitions,” “Israeli minister spars with EU over East Jerusalem home demolitions,” and “IDF demolishes 10 East Jerusalem buildings in PA-controlled area.” The corrected headlines are: “Israeli minister spars with EU over East Jerusalem area home demolitions” and “IDF demolishes 10 buildings in PA-controlled area adjacent to east Jerusalem.”