Here are some of Abbas’s claims in his op-ed (Britain must atone for the Balfour declaration – and 100 years of suffering, Nov. 1).
[Balfour] disregard[ed] the political rights of those who already lived there.
The language used by Abbas (“those who already lived there”) buttresses the broader narrative, advanced repeatedly by Palestinian leaders, in their media and education system, which falsely frames Jews as interlopers with no historical or religious connection to the land.
In fact, Jews “already lived there” when Balfour was issued. Jews are an indigenous people to the land, and small Jewish communities remained even after their exile in 70 CE, during Byzantine, Muslim and Crusader rule. There’s been a continuous Jewish presence in the Land of Israel for over 3,000 years.
For the Palestinian people – my people – the events [Balfour] triggered have been as devastating as they have been far-reaching.
Tragic events for Palestinians didn’t just happen (“triggered”) as a result of Balfour, but were mostly the result of decisions by Palestinian (and Arab) leaders to reject political and territorial compromise and maintain hostility to a permanent Jewish presence in the land.
This British policy, to support Jewish immigration into Palestine while negating the Arab-Palestinian right to self-determination, created severe tensions between European Jewish immigrants and the native Palestinian population.
His mention of British “support” for Jewish immigration omits the subsequent White Paper which severely restricted such immigration, a fateful decision for untold numbers of Jews who were slaughtered in places like Auschwitz, Treblinka and Sobibor because the doors to Palestine were closed.
Further, suggesting that Jewish immigrants “created tensions” is a creative way of obfuscating continuous Arab violence against Jews, and implicitly suggests that the mere arrival of Jews escaping persecution was a provocation, one that would corrupt the land – a narrative, incidentally, that would likely resonate with far-right Europeans in the context of the current immigration crisis.
In 1948 Zionist militias forcibly expelled more than 800,000 men, women and children from their homeland, perpetratinghorrific massacresand destroying hundreds of villages in the process.I was 13 years old at the time of our expulsion from Safad. The occasion on which Israel celebrates its creation as a state, we Palestinians mark as the darkest day in our history.
No serious historian alleges that all of the Palestinians (750,000 according to the UN) were expelled. Most fled – in, let’s remember, what was an Arab war of annihilation against the Jewish population – out of fear, or because of instructions from Palestinian Arab leaders. Historian Benny Morris has concluded that there was no Israeli policy of “ethnic cleansing.” “At no stage of the 1948 war,” he wrote, “was there a decision by the leadership of the Yishuv or the state to “expel the Arabs.”
Regarding his second assertion, that his family was expelled from Safed, Abbas has previously admitted (in Arabic) that his family left Safed out of a general (unfounded) fear that Jews would take revenge for the Arab massacre of Jews in 1929. In other words, Palestinians in Safed, such as his family, fled, and weren’t “expelled.”
Today, Palestinians number more than 12 million, and are scattered throughout the world. Some were forced out of their homeland in 1948, with more than 6 million still living in exile to this day.
Those who managed to remain in their homes number roughly 1.75 million, and live within a system of institutionalized discrimination in what is now the state of Israel.
Tellingly, Abbas’s sole source (embedded in the words “institutionalized discrimination”) is an article by the Guardian’s former Jerusalem co
rrespondent, Chris McGreal, a reporter whose animus against Israel (and carelessness with the facts) has been demonstrated repeatedly on these pages. Further, many pro-Palestinian activists and commentators has cited, as “proof” of anti-Arab racist laws in Israel, a completely discredited report by the radical NGO, Adalah. Moreover, it’s undeniable that Arab citizens of Israel have far more political, social and economic rights in the Jewish state than Palestinians under Abbas rule.
Approximately 2.9 million live in the West Bank under a draconian military occupation-turned-colonization, with 300,000 of that number being the native inhabitants of Jerusalem, who have so far resisted policies to force them out of their city.
Over 95 percent of the Palestinian population in the West Bank live under Palestinian Authority control and can’t reasonably be characterized as living under military occupation. His suggestion that Israel is engaged in a policy of ethnic cleansing is absurd. In fact, the Palestinian population in Jerusalem (both in gross numbers and as a percentage of the overall population) has increased significantly since 1967.
Two million live in the Gaza Strip, an open prison subjected to regular destruction through the full force of Israel’s military apparatus.
The “open air prison” canard is contradicted by the fact that (according to COGAT), well over 100,000 Palestinians a year are permitted to exit Gaza into Israel for various humanitarian needs. Further, Abbas of course ignores the role of Hamas, a group that’s fired thousands upon thousands of rockets into Israeli territory, is committed to Israel’s destruction and designated as a terror organization by the UK, US and EU, in necessitating Israel’s security measures.
Over the years we have adapted to the realities around us – the chain of events triggered in 1917 – and made deeply painful compromises for the sake of peace, beginning with the decision to accept a state on only 22% of our historical homeland while recognizing the state of Israel, without any reciprocation thus far.
The 22% percent figure is a lie for several reasons. First, there was never, at any point in history, a sovereign Palestinian state, and in fact Palestinian national identity (as a unique nationalist movement separate from Arab or tribal identities) is only a 20th century phenomenon. The implicit suggestion, that a Palestinian state on the West Bank, east Jerusalem and Gaza is only 22% of ‘their historical homeland’ suggests that the entire land, from the river to the sea, is, by matter of rights, Palestinian. The truth is that Israel has conceded most of their “historic land” as promised to them by the 1922 Mandate for Palestine – arguably the earliest modern legal codification of an area known as “Palestine.”
Palestinians didn’t ‘lose’ 78 percent of their land for the simple reason that you can’t ‘lose’ land you never had control of in the first place.
Abbas also lies by suggesting that Israel hasn’t offered major concessions. Israel offered the Palestinians a contiguous state on three occasions, in 2000, 2001 and 2008. Each offer was rejected by Palestinian leaders.
However, beyond the specific lies and distortions lay a broader one: that Palestinians are victims who possess no moral agency and that Palestinian leadership shares no responsibility for their people’s suffering. It’s not merely unfair to assigned exclusive blame to Israel for every conceivable Palestinian failure, but also suggests a fundamental flaw in the Palestinian national movement.
Middle East historian Bernard Lewis has argued that there are two fundamentally different ways in which individuals, groups and nations can choose respond to adversity. The first is to ask “Who did this to us?” The second is, “What did we do wrong?” The first one, Lewis maintained, leads to self-pity and avoidance of personal responsibility, whilst the other leads to self-help and moral agency. One usually leads failure and the other to success.
Abbas’s op-ed – which mirrors the narrative of the conflict amplified continually in media outlets such as the Guardian – is a perfect illustration of the movement’s stubborn refusal to acknowledge and learn from past mistakes and come to terms with the true “obstacles to peace”: endemic anti-Semitism, the glorification of violence and the failure to promote tolerance, pluralism and other liberal democratic values.
Neither the Jews nor the Balfour Declaration are the cause of their suffering.
The system is not “rigged” against them.
The choice of whether to resist the vices of hatred, scapegoating and self-pity, and embark on a path of political, cultural and moral reform, is their’s and their’s alone.